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رستوران انیگما، ساختمان بنایی غیرمسلح، سن پدرو، بازسازی آسیب آتش
07/04/2006 -- این بخش نوسازی می شود ...
Dear fellows, I just got back from Iran and briefly reviewed posts regarding Bam earthquake. Although it might be too late for adding new comments, you may find more information, maps, accelerographs, pictures and report on-line at Building and Housing Research Center website: http://www.bhrc.gov.ir/Bhrc/Disasters/Disasters.htm (Also accessible from http://www.bhrc.gov.ir/ ) I really enjoyed Paul and Nels posts on Seismic Mitigation in under-developed regions, as well as useful notes from other fellows. After Manjil earthquake (1990, Iran, which claimed another 35'000 lives), I spent more than 8 years researching on behavior of adobe buildings during an earthquake. So I was not surprised to see another disaster in such scale. There are many other villages and cities in Iran which are susceptible to devastating damages in case of an earthquake. Location and extent of damages are well known in many cases. Obviously, there are many cost-effective strategies and solutions available for new and existing adobe buildings to resist against earthquakes, i.e. barbed wire reinforcement, adobe buttresses, simple sliding foundation system (my specific research topic), etc. However implementing these methods requires public education and government attention toward long-term planning. Although Iranian seismic code has been developed many years ago, and Building Departments supervise construction activities in large cities, I don't recall any organization to be responsible or authorized to regulate dwelling construction in rural area. As said in other previous posts, research institutes are more focused on "well-funded" projects, or on modern engineering issues which would result in higher credits when published. Of course, papers on FRP cannot help people who barely have access to cement or steel. Research on localized methods and rural material needs local support, government fund or at least government encouragement. Anyway, there are many reasons for existence of such poor quality buildings in seismic hazard area, i.e. economical, cultural, political and etc. Solving technical issues are just the first steps. Regards, Frank
اجرای طرح های نوین مهندسی، جلوگیری از ویرانگری های زلزله،
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